The teeth are an important part of your smile, which is a given. Many people take the gums for granted, however. Healthy gums are just as important to a healthy smile, and they’re also an important part of having healthy teeth. If you suffer from gum disease, this can be treated by visiting with restorative and cosmetic dentistry experts.
Our team would like to take a brief moment right now to go over the basics of gum disease and how it can be treated so you have a basic understanding of what is involved.
About Gum Disease
Gum disease refers to the bacterial infection of the gum tissue. It’s caused by the same naturally occurring bacteria in the mouth that causes gum disease and bad breath to occur.
Types of Gum Disease
There are three different degrees/levels of gum disease, each based on the severity of the infection. These are as follows:
- Gingivitis – Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease. Its symptoms include bleeding gums, discolored gums, swollen gums, gum recession, and bad breath.
- Periodontitis – The next level of gum disease, periodontitis symptoms include a worsening of the symptoms of gingivitis, loose teeth, minor tooth misalignment, and tooth decay under the gumline.
- Advanced Periodontitis – The most severe level of gum disease, the symptoms of advanced periodontitis include worsening of periodontitis symptoms, tooth loss, abscesses, and infections of the jawbone.
It’s best that gum disease be treated as soon as possible. In such cases the treatment tends to be less invasive, which is always more ideal.
Treating the Infection of the Gums
One of the most important parts of gum disease treatment is getting the bacterial infection under control. In the case of gingivitis, this is usually accomplished through the use of antiseptic rinses and special medicated mouthwash. For more serious cases of gum disease, antiseptic rinses may be used in combination with antibiotics.
Treating the Effects of Gum Disease
The other important part of gum disease treatment is addressing the dental problems that have been caused by the gum disease. This means restoring the soft tissues and hard tissues that have been affected.
To replace missing gum tissue, the best option is gum augmentation. Gum augmentation uses artificial soft tissue grafts or donor soft tissues to help rebuild the missing gumline.
For the hard tissues, a variety of treatments may be used. Tooth decay that is linked to gum disease can be treated using dental fillings, inlays, onlays, and dental crowns. A root canal treatment may need to be performed if the gum disease results in infection of the dental pulp within a tooth.
Should a patient lose a tooth or teeth due to gum disease, a dental bridge or dentures may be an ideal treatment to consider. Sometimes dental implants may be considered in order to anchor the dental appliances in place.
Schedule a Consultation for Advanced Dental Care
For more information about your many different treatment options for gum disease, be sure to contact our Toronto dental care practice today. The entire team looks forward to meeting you in person and helping you achieve the best possible dental health.