What Causes Tooth Sensitivity to Hot and Cold?

Tooth Sensitivity to Hot and Cold – Toronto, ON

Have you ever experienced tooth pain when eating hot soup or drinking a smoothie? Maybe you even feel pain in your teeth when you breathe in cold air. These are signals of several possible dental problems. The causes of tooth sensitivity to hot and cold can vary. Dr. Sol Weiss can examine your teeth at our Toronto, ON, dental office. Depending on the cause, he may recommend a restorative dentistry treatment to heal the tooth and reduce your sensitivity. With proper treatment, you can get back to enjoying the hot and cold foods and drinks you love.

Causes of Tooth Sensitivity to Hot and Cold

Pain or sensitivity to hot and cold foods and drinks is common and may even seem normal. This sensitivity, however, could be a sign of damage or decay. If you are experiencing this type of sensitivity, you should make an appointment to have it addressed. The causes of this type of tooth sensitivity may include:

  • Tooth decay
  • A tooth with damage such as a fracture
  • Old fillings that have become worn
  • Periodontal (gum) disease
  • Eroded tooth enamel
  • Exposed tooth roots due to gum recession (usually resulting from gum disease)

Eroded enamel is one of the most common causes of tooth sensitivity. Eating acidic foods and even brushing too hard can slowly erode the enamel of our teeth. This exposes the dentin layer of the teeth, which is porous and therefore more sensitive to temperature changes and certain types of foods, such as those that are acidic. Dentin exposure can also occur when the gums recede, leaving the tooth roots unprotected.

Treating Tooth Sensitivity

Treatment for tooth sensitivity varies depending on the cause. Dr. Weiss will perform a comprehensive examination of your teeth and gums to determine the cause of your sensitive teeth. Based on his findings, he may recommend one of the following treatments:

  • Fluoride treatments and toothpaste specifically made for those with sensitive teeth can relieve dental discomfort. Unfortunately, you cannot rebuild lost enamel. Fluoride will help strengthen the enamel that remains while desensitizing toothpaste works by protecting the tooth nerves.
  • If your tooth is damaged or decayed, he can place a custom-made dental crown. This will reinforce and strengthen the tooth. It will also protect it from future damage or decay.
  • If your tooth is badly decayed and infected, you may need root canal therapy. After root canal treatment is complete, Dr. Weiss can repair the tooth with a dental crown.
  • When gum disease and receding gums are the cause of your sensitivity, you may need a deep cleaning or surgical gum repair. Gum grafts and similar procedures can help reduce the pockets created by the receded gums to better protect the tooth roots.

Eliminate Your Tooth Pain

Dr. Weiss will take the steps necessary to reduce your pain immediately, while also addressing the cause of your tooth sensitivity. If you are struggling with tooth pain when you eat or drink certain foods or beverages, contact our dental office to schedule an appointment.